Chhath is a Hindu festival falls every year. It is celebrated by the Hindus and is devoted to the god of energy, Surya Shasthi or Dala Chhath. This festival is celebrated to thank God Surya to bless the life on earth. He is worshipped by the people. The devotees pray for the success, well-being and progress of their friends, family and elders. Worshipping sun cures a lot of diseases like leprosy.
At this day, the rituals include waking up in early morning, taking holy bath in River Ganges and fasting for full day. Some devotees also stay in the water for hours and don’t drink water for whole day. They offer aragh and Prasad to the sun rising. It is celebrated in various states, such as UP, Jharkhand, Bihar and neighboring country, Nepal. The day is celebrated at sixth day of Kartik month (October to November). Chaiti Chhath is also celebrated in Chaitra month (March to April), after Holi. It is known as Chhath as it falls at sixth day of Kartik month. Chhath Puja is well known in Patna, Gaya, Dev and Dehri-On-Sone. Today, it is celebrated across India.
Chhath Puja 2017 Date and Timing
The Chhath Puja in 2017 will fall on Thursday, 26 October.
Chhath Puja Timings
Sunrise on Chhath Puja Day = 06:28 am
Sunset on Chhath Puja Day = 17:52 pm
Shashthi Date Begins = 09:37 am on 25-Oct-2017
Shashthi Date Ends = 12:15 pm on 26-Oct-2017
History and Origin
Chhath Puja has great significance in Hindu religion and it is believed that oldest Purohits were requested to come and worship Lord Sun by the kings. To worship the Sun, they chant different hymns and ancient Rig Veda texts. In olden days, Chhath Puja was celebrated by the Pandavas of Histinapur (today New Delhi) and Draupadi to regain their lost kingdom back and solve their current issues. It is also believed that Surya Putra Karna was the first who started the ritual of Chhath Pooja. He ruled over Anga Desh (Munger Dist in Bihar) as a great warrior in the Mahabharata period.
Chhathi Maiya (Lord Surya’s consort) is worshipped at Chhath Pooja. She is also called as Usha in Vedas. People pray to her in a hope to overcome all of their troubles and get the liberation or Moksha. The tale of Lord Rama is another history behind Chhath Pooja. In the Karthik month of Shukla Paksha, Lord Rama and Sita were fasting and worshipped Lord Sun during their coronation when they returned to Ayodhya by completing their 14 years. Chhath puja became the traditional and significant festival from that time in Hindu religion and it has been celebrated at the same date every year.
Rituals & Traditions
- On Day 1, devotees bath in the Holy River Ganges early morning and bring some holy water to their home and prepare the Prasad. The consume only one meal in a day (kaddu bhat) which is cooked by using soil or bronze utensils only, along with mango woods are burned over soil stove.
- Next day, they keep fast for full day and break it after sunset after worshipping Sun. After having meals, they take fast for next 36 hours without water.
- On Day 3, they offer Shanjhiya Arghya at the Ghats.
- On final day (Paarun), devotees with their family offer Bihaniya Aragh early morning at the bank of River Ganges.